What is Vesicoureteral Reflux?

What is Vesicoureteral Reflux?

Vesicoureteral reflux is a chronic medical condition characterized by the backward flow of urine from the bladder into the ureters and sometimes even reaching as high as the kidneys.

Vesicoureteral reflux Symptoms

The most prominent and visible symptom is cloudy or bloody urine. However, blood in the urine can be often misdiagnosed as hematuria, so it is crucial to seek an online medical consultation to confirm the diagnosis.

It also predominantly occurs in infants and young children.

Other Vesicoureteral reflux Symptoms include:

It is also characterized by sudden and unexplained fever, lack of appetite and irritability. In older patients, untreated vesicoureteral reflux can lead to:

  • Bed-wetting
  • Constipation or loss of control over bowel movements
  • High blood pressure
  • Protein in urine

Types of Vesicoureteral reflux

This chronic condition is generally diagnosed with the help of Ultrasound, Specialized X-Ray and Nuclear scanning.

  • Primary vesicoureteral reflux

Children with primary vesicoureteral reflux are born with a defect in the valve that usually prevents urine from flowing backwards from the bladder into the ureters. This is the most common type seen in individuals.

  • Secondary vesicoureteral reflux

In this condition, the bladder usually fails to function properly due to blockage or damage of the nerves responsible for bladder flow control.

Vesicoureteral reflux treatment

Vesicoureteral reflux treatments include medications that alleviate UTIs through antibiotics. Medications are usually monitored regularly through ultrasound, radiographic scans etc.

In extreme chronic conditions, surgeries are also considered to repair the defect on the valve, which corrects the bladder flow or blockage. It can be an open surgery where a catheter is kept in place to drain the bladder. In Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery, small incisions are performed, bringing various advantages, including lesser bladder spasms and hospital stay. Another minimally invasive kind – Endoscopic surgery is performed wherein the doctor inserts a lighted tube (cystoscope) through the urethra to see the bladder and then injects a bulking agent around the opening of the affected ureter to try to strengthen the valve’s ability to close properly. This surgery has fewer risks as compared to the former two surgeries.

When to seek an expert opinion

Ignoring or taking symptoms lightly can lead to complications such as renal or kidney scarring, leading to erratic blood pressure and kidney failure.

Search for ‘best urologist near me’ or ‘best urologists in India‘, if the patient develops any of the signs or symptoms of a UTI, such as:

  • A strong, persistent urge to urinate
  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • Abdominal or flank pain

It is wise to seek an expert second opinion if the patient:

  • Is younger than 3 months old and the temperature of 100.4 F (38 C) or higher
  • Is 3 months or older and has a fever of 100.4 F (38 C) or higher, and seems to be ill
  • Is also eating poorly or has had significant changes in mood

Click on ‘best urologist near me’ and ‘best Urologists in India’ to easily access accomplished superspecialists at SeekMed. Get affordable quality care by getting convenient online medical consultations from the comforts and safety of your home. Seek effective second opinions through online medical consultation with award-winning doctors who will provide you with the best treatment plans for a speedy recovery.


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